Origin of Surname
The origin of Marquand is believed to be the French marchant (the merchant), probably derived from an early tradesman between Guernsey and Jersey and France. The ultimate root of the name lies in the Latin word mercis, meaning commerce or merchandise.
The earliest occurence of the variant Marquand in Guernsey was in 1513, when the parish school of St Peter Port, Guernsey was founded by the gift of Thomas Le Marquand and his wife, Yonette Thelby.
Raoulin Le Marquand was Procureur-General in Jersey, 1507-1519. He is recorded as living in "La Vallée de St Laurens": ABSJ III, 293. His son, also named Raulin, was a Jurat, 1551-1555.
It is not clear whether Le Marquand and Le Marchand/Le Marchant were different families in Jersey or just variations in spelling within a single family. We continue to list them separately.
Early Marquands in England
This surname was first recorded at the beginning of the 13th Century, and other examples include Roger Marchaunt and Herueus Merchant who were listed as witnesses in the Assize Court rolls of Yorkshire in the year 1219. In 1240 Ranulph le Marchand appeared in the Fine Court Rolls of Essex, and Reginald le Marchant was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Cambridge in 1247. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Marchand. This was dated 1202, in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire, during the reign of King John of England, 1199 - 1216.
- Le Marquand, 1668
- Le Marquant, 1528
- Le Marcant 1515
- Le Marchand
- Le Marcquant
- Le Marchant
Jersey family trees
The first three trees all have the same starting point, but there are differences of detail between them, and the third shows a new line into the 20th century. We are unable at this stage to venture an opinion as to which tree is more reliable when they conflict with each other.
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand (1617)
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand
- Descendants of Elie Le Marquand - 2
- Descendants of Jean Le Marchant
- Descendants of Nicolas Le Marquand
- Descendants of Nicolas Le Marquand - 2, an extended version of the above tree
- Descendants of Jean Le Marquand (1748)
- Descendants of Francois Le Marquand
- Descendants of Raulin Le Marquand
- Descendants of Pierre Marquand
- Descendants of Jean Le Marchant - 2
- Descendants of Jean Marquand
- Marquand family notes
- My dear Mary Ann, letters to a Le Marquand in Canada
- Julia Mary Marquand, the Jersey girl taken to Australia by her mother after the death of her father, who was the third 'wife' of a woman posing as a man
- A New Zealand family historian's website, including Le Marquand trees
- Le Marquand baptisms in Jersey
- Le Marquand marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Le Marquand marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Le Marquand burials in Jersey
- Le Marchand baptisms in Jersey
- Le Marchand marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Le Marchand marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Le Marchand burials in Jersey
- Elias Le Marquand appointed Vraic Officer in 1848
- Centenier W P Le Marquand investigated a safe robbery in St Peter in January 1920
Great War service
- Senator Cyril Le Marquand, arguably Jersey's most important post-war politician
- Senator John Le Marquand, cousin of the above and architect of Jersey's post-war education system
- Senator J J Le Marquand, not related to the above but in the States at the same time
The family of Le Marchant has been long seated in this island. The common ancestor of the different branches now living was Peter Le Marchant, who held the office of Lieut-Governor and Bailiff in the time of Edward III, and dying in 1335, left two sons, John and Denis.
- Pierre Le Marchant, Bailiff of Guernsey, 14th century
- Josué Le Marchant, Bailiff of Guernsey1728-1751
- Elezar Le Marchant, Bailiff of Guernsey 1752-1758
- William Le Marchant (1721-1809), Bailiff of Guernsey 1771-1800
- Robert Porrett Le Marchant, Bailiff of Guernsey 1800-1810
- Major-General John Gaspard Le Marchant (1766-1812) - founder of Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst
- Ernest Marquand (1848-1918) - naturalist
- Hilary Marquand (1825-1872) - master mariner
- William Isaac Marquand (1837-1908) - photographer
- Henri Marquand (1815-1895) - newspaper editor and friend of Victor Hugo
- Le Marchant Library, Elizabeth College
- Fort Le Marchant, L'Ancresse
- Le Marchant Street, St Peter Port
- Le Marchant Baronets - Wikipedia article on descendents of the Guernsey family in Surrey.
1887 advert from L'Almanach de la Gazette de Jersey for Peter Philip Le Marquand
Click on any image to see full-size version
Francis John Le Marquand, was born in St Ouen in 1852, the son of Jean and Jeanne, nee Le Brun. He emigrated to New Zealand at the age of 20, married Jane Le Conte, also an immigrant from Jersey, and after her death, he married Jane's younger sister Elizabeth, who went out to New Zealand to join him
Elizabeth Le Conte, born in St Helier in 1861, she went to New Zealand in 1886, following the death there of her elder sister Jane, who had emigrated 14 years earlier, and married Francis John Le Marquand (1852-1914), Jane's widowed husband, in 1887. He already had three surviving children by Jane, and had six further children with Elizabeth. Francis was born in St Ouen and emigrated to New Zealand in 1872, marrying Jane in Auckland three years later. Their first child, Selina Jane, the fifth, Winter George, and mother Jane all died in 1885.
Two unrelated 20th century politicians celebrating election victories. On the left, Winter Le Marquand, always known as 'WP' is returned as Constable of St Peter in 1976. On the right, long-serving Senator John Le Marquand celebrates another election victory in 1969
Click on any image to see a larger version. See the Jerripedia gravestone image collection page for more information about our gravestone photographs
- Bonnard, Jean, E D Marquand, a distinguished naturalist, RGS, 1993
- Hocart, Richard, The Marquands of La Brigade, Trans Soc Guern, 1976
- Jackson, TA, Memories of Ernest Marquand, RGS, 1976
- Marquand, Hilary, Memoirs of a Victorian Master Mariner, Merton Priory Press, 1996
- Marquand, Lois, John Marquand's Notes and Reminiscences, RGS, 1967
- Marr, L J, Ernest David Marquand (1848-1918) entry in More Guernsey People, 1991
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