Philippe de Carteret (1626-1672)

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From A Biographical Dictionary of Jersey by George Balleine

Philippe de Carteret (1626-1672) was Cromwellian Judge-Advocate.

Early years

The eldest son of Francois de Carteret, Seigneur of La Hague, and Judith Le Febvre, he was born in 1626, and baptized at St Peter's Church.

He matriculated at Oxford from Exeter College in March 1637, when only eleven, and took his BA in 1640, when he was 14. He took his MD at Leyden on 8 July 1645. In February 1649 he petitioned Parliament for permission to compound for a small farm at Netley, near Southampton, bought by his father to support him during his studies in England, which had been sequestered, because his father was in Jersey under Royalist rule. His petition was granted.

In January 1650 a pass was issued for him to proceed to Ireland with three horses. There he was appointed Advocate-General to the Army. The Judge-Advocate was the officer who supervised the proceedings of all courts-martial and reviewed their sentences.

When Ireton died in Ireland, and his body was sent to Westminster Abbey for burial, de Carteret was responsible for arranging the Irish ceremonies, and was paid £450 for his expenses. In 1655 a letter from Ireland said, "I commend to you a petition which concerns de Carteret, our Judge-Advocate, who is of great service to the Lord General and his army, and is a most faithful and ingenious man".

In April 1654 a letter from James Standish to Carteret at Army Headquarters, Dublin, ran:

"Dear Brother, My wife hath seen your daughter, who is well. The things you sent for will he suddenly ready to send to Chester. Be confident I shall not be wanting nor my wife in our care of your child and goods".

Irish estates

Army pay in those days was always in arrears, and, when de Carteret protested, Cromwell pacified him by granting him estates in Limerick. In 1654 he visited Jersey, and in January 1655 the Captain of the Hopewell reported that he had "brought back Dr Carteret and family from Jersey".

In February he was nominated by Cromwell as a Jurat, but he did not take the oath until June 1656. In August the following year we find him sending a report to the Council that the Cour de Billet was useful and necessary.

In 1659 he returned to London as Judge-Advocate to the Army in England. After the Restoration he went to Ireland to visit his Limerick estates, but was arrested (1662) on the Lord-Lieutenant's warrant, and imprisoned for a time in the Castle.

He took refuge under the Act of Oblivion, and returned to England, and in 1665 was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. On 1 May 1672 he died in Southampton, leaving his Jersey estates to his son Henry, who later became a Jurat, and his Irish estates to his daughter Sarah. A third daughter, Judie, married Jean Ralins, Deacon of the French Church at Southampton. De Carteret's wife was Marie Hewson.

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